Monday, 25 April 2011

REPLIES TO ATTACK ON ISLAAM BY CHRISTIAN MISSIONARIES & WEBSITES (1) : MD ABUL KALAM AZAD










        To spread the Christian belief throghout islamic countries, Europeans have set up missionary

organizations and their websites are carrying out massive propaganda against islaam.  They are distributing books, brochures and magazines praising

Christianity  and  are trying to blur minds

and undermine beliefs.

The Islamic scholars  have refuted them and exposed the errors of defiled Christianity.  Priests have not

been able to refute the books of Islamic scholars. The books

written by the Islamic scholars to refute them are

numerous. The following are renowned:



Tuhfat-ul-erîb,

Arabic and Turkish; Diyâ-ul-qulûb, Turkish



and English;

Iz-hâr-ul-haqq, Arabic and Turkish; Es-sirât-ulmustaqîm,



Arabic;

Izâh-ul-marâm, Turkish; Mîzân-ulmawâzîn,



Persian;

Irshâd-ul-hiyârâ, Arabic; and Er-redd-uldjemîl,



Arabic and French.

Of these,
Diyâ-ul-qulûb, written by Is-haq Efendi ,


especially answers the wrongful writings and slanders

written by priests against Islam.







DIYÂ-UL-QULÛB (LIGHT OF THE HEARTS)
( Taken from renowned book COULD NOT ANSWER published by HAKIKAT KITABEVI)



Protestant priests say as follows in one of the booklets they

published against Islam in Istanbul:

“The virtue and the superiority of Christianity is inferred from

the fact that it is spreading very fast among people on account

of its effects compatible with daily life and universal domination.

Allâhu ta’âlâ has sent Christianity down to earth as a true

religion superior to other religions. The abolitions, catastrophies,

dissipations falling upon Jewry are all obvious punishments

inflicted upon them by Allah as a result of their denying

Christianity.

“If it is asserted that with the rising of Islam, Christianity was

abrogated; it is questionable whether Islam is superior to

Christianity in its liveliness, life-style, or in its capability of

attracting people’s hearts, or whether Christians were

condemned with the same terrifying catastrophes with the rising

of Islam as had been sent upon Jewry. Christianity spread for

three hundred years, without any state power. Islam, on the

other hand, was transformed from religion to state power before

the Hegira. For this reason, it is a difficult task to make a sound

comparison between Islam and Christianity as to the spiritual

and incorporeal effects they have upon the human heart.

However, Îsâ ‘
alaihis-salâm’ called people to religion for three

years. Many people became his followers within this period. He

chose the twelve apostles from among them. Sometime later he

chose seventy more people in the name of ‘Apostles of Gospel’.

He sent them forth to guide people to the true path. Later he

gathered a hundred and twenty more people. As reported by

apostles, it is written clearly in St. Paul’s epistles that Îsâ

‘alaihis-salâm’,
within the forty days before his death, sent forth

500 Christian believers to call people to religion.”

This booklet, which they published in Istanbul, goes on as

follows:
“According to Arabic historians, such as Ibn Is-hâq,[1]

Wâqidî,
[2] Tabarî,[3] Ibni Sa’d,[4] etc., the first believers of

[1]
Ibni Is-hâq passed away in 151 [A.D. 768], in Baghdad.

[2]
Muhammad Wâqidî passed away in 207 [A.D. 822].

[3]
Tabarî, (Abû Ja’far Muhammad bin Jerîr), passed away in 310 [A.D.

923], in Baghdad.

[4]
Ibni Sa’d Muhammad Basrî passed away in 230 A.H.


Muhammad
‘sall-Allâhu alaihi wasallam’ are only hadrat Hadîja,

his wife; Zayd bin Hârisa, his adopted son and slave; Alî bin Ebî

Tâlib, his paternal uncle’s son; Abû Bakr-i Siddîq, his faithful

friend and companion in the cave; and a few slaves who had

been generously benefited by this last one. Up to the time of

hadrat ’Umar’s conversion to Islam, i.e. the sixth year of Bi’that,

the number of Muslim converts were fifty. In some other report

there is a mention of forty to forty-five men and ten to eleven

women. In fact, by the tenth year of Bi’that, the number of the

second group of Muslims that migrated to Abyssinia because of

the persecutions and hostile treatments inflicted by the Meccan

polytheists, reached one hundred and one, eighty-three of

which were men and eighteen were women.
(Bi’that means

Hadrat Muhammad’s ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wasallam’ being

designated as the Messenger of Allah.)
Wâqidî says in his book

that the number of muhâjirs that took part in the holy war of

Bedr, which was fought nineteen months after the Hegira, was

eighty-three. Accordingly, within the period of thirteen years

before the Hegira, believers of Muhammad
‘sall-Allâhu alaihi

wasallam’
were only one hundred. It is written in history books,

again, that the number of those who joined him during the

Hegira was only seventy-three men and two women. These

contrasts make clear which has more positive effect on the

hearts: Islam or Christianity. For, if a comparison is made

between the number of people who believed Îsâ
‘alaihis-salâm’

through mere preaching without any compulsion or enforcement

and those who believed Muhammad
‘sall-Allâhu alaihi

wasallam’
under the same conditions, it will be seen that,

whereas one hundred and eighty people believed Muhammad

‘sall-Allâhu alaihi wasallam’
as a result of this thirteen years’

invitation, Îsâ
‘alaihis-salâm’ had more than five hundred

believers within a period of three years. Afterwards, there

became differences between Islam and Christianity with respect

to modes of spreading. The reasons for these differences were

only the methods and media used. First of all, the umma of

Muhammad
‘alaihis-salâm’ were belligerent. Being victorious

after wars, they improved and became widely known suddenly.

Indeed, Islam did not spread owing to its powerful effect on the

hearts, as was the case with Christianity. The early Christians,

on the other hand, endured Persians’ persecutions and

torments for three hundred years. Although they confronted with

various hindrances, their number expanded so rapidly that there

were several million Christians already by A.D. 313, when

Constantine I converted to Christianity. People defeated by

Muslims were, outwardly, not forced to accept Islam. But

through various discouragements they were deprived of their

national customs and traditions. In addition to being subjected

to various hostile treatments, they were prohibited from the

occasions in which to perform their religious rites. They had no

other way than bearing these impediments and oppressions.

This came to mean that they were intangibly compelled to

accept Islam. For example, more than four thousand churches

are reported to have been demolished in the time of ’Umar-ul-

Fârûq
‘radiy-Allâhu anh’. It is no wonder that thousands of

ignorant, worldly or unprotected people accepted Islam in order

to acquire property or position in the chaos of those days. This

spreading of Islam is like the appearing of universal conquerors

such as Alexander the Great. The great conquests carried on

by Muslims does not show that Qur’ân al-kerîm is a book sent

by Allah. In fact, all these conquests and performances of

Muslims were not appreciated by those Christians that were

under their domination. On the other hand, Christians’ call had

a stronger effect on Persians. For, there cannot even be a

smallest pagan society in Europe today. However, there are

very many Christians in Muslim countries.

“Having refused Christianity, Jewry was doomed to the wrath

of Allâhu ta’âlâ. They were expatriated from their homelands

and became an evil nation expelled from wherever they went.

Did Christians undergo at minimum the same, let alone more,

catastrophes as those of Jewry, for having refused Islam?

Today there are some 150 million Muslims on the earth,

whereas the number of Christians is over 300 million. A true

religion sent by Allah will enjoin justice and reason. It will

bestow the fortune of approaching Allâhu ta’âlâ by means of

perfect belief and worship. This religion will elevate its believers

to highest grades and guide them to material and spiritual

peace. These are doubtless facts. If Christianity had been

invalidated with the rising of Islam, Islamic countries would

necessarily be superior to other countries in respect of wealth

and welfare. Now then, Islam’s place of birth is Arabia, which

was under Muslims’ domination in the time of Muhammad
‘sall-

Allâhu alaihi wasallam’.
Later, in the time of the early caliphs,

Muslims subdued and dominated many wealthy nations of the

world. Nevertheless, the fortune that was obtained in a short

time was lost again equally soon. Even today, the Arabs are in

misery. Most Muslim countries are desolate, and their land is

deprived of agriculture. Muslims living there are far from wealth,

civilisation and improvement. They need Europe’s help in

knowledge and arts. In fact, when they need an engineer they

bring one from Europe. The youth’s navigational and military

education and training is entrusted to Christian instructors.

Weapons used by Muslim soldiers in wars, sheets of paper that

scholars and secretaries write on, and most of the clothings

worn and the things used by them, from the youngest to the

oldest, are made in Europe. Can anyone deny the fact that they

are brought from there? Even the arms used by Muslim soldiers

are brought from Europe. On the other hand, Europe has

improved and made progress with respect to population,

education, state and wealth. They have built immaculate

hospitals, orderly schools and orphanages. Now they are trying

to promulgate Christianity by establishing hospitals in other

countries and sending teachers and books. As for Muslims; why

do they not spend any effort to call pagans and Christians to

Islam, publish millions of translations of Qur’ân al-kerîm, or

send forth scholars and messengers? If Islam’s rising had

abrogated and invalidated Christianity, would the state of affairs

be as it is now?...”

ANSWER:
When the theories put forth in the booklets

published by Christian missionaries are summarized; the

hypothesis that Christianity is a true, validated religion superior

to the Islamic religion has been based on the following few

proofs: the rapid spreading of Christianity; the fact that the

grave catastrophes that fell upon Jewry did not fall upon

Christians; Islam’s spreading by the sword, i.e. by fighting, v.s.

Christianity’s spreading by preaching, kindness, and feeling of

mercy for people; Christians’ outnumbering Muslims; Christian

states’ being powerful; Christians’ being ahead of Muslims in

industry, wealth and improvement; their trying to do good and

paying special attention to this; the fact that there are no

pagans in Europe while there are Christians and Jews all over

Islamic countries.

In response to their first proof,
“The rapid spreading of

Christianity”,
it will be enough to quote from Sale, a priest, a

Christian historian, and a translator of Qur’ân al-kerîm. [George

Sale died in 1149 (A.D. 1736). He was a British orientalist. He

translated Qur’ân al-kerîm into English in 1734. In the

introduction to his translation he gave detailed information

about Islam. It was the first translation of Qur’ân al-kerîm in a

European language.] In this translation, which was printed in

1266 [A.D. 1850], he states, “Before the Hegira (Hijra) the

blessed city of Medina did not have a single home whence

Muslims did not go out. That is, Islam had already entered

every home in Medina. If a person asserts that
‘Islam spread in

other countries only by the sword’,
this will be a vain and

ignorant accusation. For there is many a country whose people

accepted Islam without even having heard the word sword.

They became Muslims by hearing Qur’ân al-kerîm, whose

rhetoric impresses the hearts.”
[1]

There are innumerous events exemplifying the fact that

Islam did not spread with the force of the sword. For example.

Abû Zer-i Ghifârî, his brother Unays, and their blessed mother

Ummu Zer ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anhum” were among the early

Muslims. Later, upon Abû Zer-i Ghifârî’s invitation, half of the

Benî Ghifâr tribe became Muslims. By the tenth year of Bi’that,

the number of the As-hâb-i-kirâm ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anhum” who

migrated to Abyssinia from Mekka was 101, eighty-three men

and eighteen women. These excluded, a large number of

Sahâbîs remained in Mekka-i-mukarrama (the blessed city of

Mekka). In the meantime, twenty Christians from Najran

became Muslims. Dimâd-i-Ezdî became a Believer before the

tenth year of Bi’that. Tufayl Ibn Amr ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anh’ became

a Muslim together with his parents and all the people of his tribe

before the Hijra. In Medina-i munawwara (the blessed city of

Medina), the Benî Sahl tribe were honoured with Islam before

the Hijra, owing to the benefic preaches of Mus’ab bin Umayr

‘radiy-Allâhu ’anh’. The inhabitants of Medina-i-munawwara

became Believers before the Hijra with the exception of Amr bin

Thâbit ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anh”, who became a Believer after the Holy

War of Uhud. Even the bedouins living in the villages near Nejd

and Yemen became Muslims. After the Hijra Buraydat-ul-Eslemî

‘radiy-Allâhu ’anh’ and seventy other people came and became

Muslims altogether. Najâshî, the Abyssinian emperor, became a

Believer before the Hijra. [Abyssinian emperors are called

Najâshî (Negus). The name of the Negus contemporary with

Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wasallam’ was As-hâma. He was a

Christian and then became a Muslim.] Also Abû Hind, Temîm,

and Na’îm became Muslims together with their relatives, and

four other respectable persons sent presents bearing the

meaning that they believed Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa

[1]
Please see the book Why Did They Become Muslims?, available from

Hakîkat Kitâbevi, Fâtih, Istanbul, Turkey.

sallam’ and then became Muslims. Before the Holy War of

Bedr, in Medina and in its neighbourhood there were already

several thousand people who had become Muslims by listening

to the merciful, compassionate preaches of our master,

Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’, who is the most

beloved one of Allâhu ta’âlâ, and hearing Qur’ân al-kerîm,

which has been admitted by all the Arabic rhetoricians and

which has always filled people with feelings of submission and

admiration. The number of people who believed Îsâ ‘alaihissalâm’

during the period of his invitation was, according to

Biblical estimation, only one hundred and two. The number of

people having the honour of joining the religion of Îsâ ‘alaihissalâm’

upon seeing the extraordinary events that took place

after the execution of hadrat Îsâ ‘alaihis-salâm’, which is the

belief held by Christians, reached only five hundred. [The

absolute truth is that Îsâ ‘alaihis-salâm’ was neither executed

nor crucified. Allâhu ta’âlâ elevated him alive to the heavens.]

It is written in
Qisâs-i Enbiyâ[1] that the number of Muslim

soldiers who conquered Mekka-i-mukarrama in the eighth year

of the Hijra was twelve thousand, that more than thirty thousand

Muslims from Medina joined the Holy War of Tabuk in the ninth

year of the Hijra, and that (the Prophet’s) farewell hajj was

performed with more than a hundred thousand Muslims in the

tenth year of the Hijra.

It is recorded in all books that the number of the As-hâb-ikirâm

‘radiy-Allâhu ’anhum ajma’în’ who had had the honour of

believing Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’ before his

honouring the hereafter with his blessed presence reached

hundred and twenty-four thousand (124,000). After Rasûlullah’s

‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’ honouring the next world with his

blessed presence, the event of Museylemet-ul-kezzâb took

place. Abû Bakr as-Siddîq ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anh’, who was the first

Khalîfa, sent more than 12,000 Islamic soldiers against

Museylemet-ul-kezzâb. In this Holy War more than nine

hundred hâfidh al-Qur’ân reached the rank of martyrdom. How

many Muslims, men and women, should there have been under

the command of a caliph who sent twelve thousand soldiers to

Medina, which is a distance of several stages of travel? Which

spread wider and faster, Christianity, or Islam? Owners of

wisdom should draw their own conclusions!

[1]
Ahmed Cevdet Pasha, the editor of Qisâs-i Enbiyâ, passed away in

1312 [A.D. 1894].

Three or four years after the passing of Rasûlullah ‘sall-

Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’, ’Umar-ul-Fârûq ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anh’, the

second Khalîfa, sent forth an army of forty thousand Muslims

and conquered the whole of Iran up to India; Asia Minor up to

Konya; and Syria, Palestine and Egypt. Most of the people

living in these places saw the justice and beautiful morality in

the Islamic religion and thus were honoured with becoming

Muslims. Very few remained in their former wrong religions

such as Christianity, Judaism and magi. Thus, as unanimously

stated by historians, the number of Muslims living in Islamic

countries reached twenty or thirty million in such a very short

time as ten years. On the other hand, as is asserted by

Christian missionaries, Constantine I accepted Christianity three

hundred years after Îsâ ‘alaihis-salâm’. With his help and

reinforcement, the number of Christians reached only six

million. The comparison between the number of Muslims

reaching thirty million in ten years and the number of Christians

reaching six million in three hundred years elucidates which

religion spread more rapidly.

Their assertion that
“Islam spread only by the sword, by

fighting”
is equally unfounded. For, when ’Umar-ul-Fârûq ‘radiy-

Allâhu ’anh’ conquered a place, he would give its inhabitants

the freedom to accept Islam or to remain Christians and pay the

tax called jizya. So they would choose the way they liked. The

highest rate of jizya they paid was no more than a few pounds

when compared with today’s money; having to give such a

small amount of tax could not compel those who were rich to

renegade from their religion. The property, the chastity and the

religious freedom of those who paid the jizya were like those of

Muslims, and all were treated equally and with justice. Giving a

few pounds of jizya yearly was in return for the protection of

their property, chastity and rights; is it possible to find a few

people that will renegade from their fathers’ and grandfathers’

religion in order not to pay this amount?

[It is said as follows in the (Turkish) book
Herkese Lâzım

Olan Îmân
(Îmân That is Necessary for Everyone): The history

professor Shiblî Nu’manî, the chief of India’s
Nadwat-ul-’ulamâ

assembly and the author of the well-known book,
Al-Intiqâd,

died in 1332 (A.D. 1914). His book
Al-Fârûq, in Urdu, was

translated into Persian by General Esedullah Khan’s mother,

(who was at the same time) the sister of the Afghan ruler Nâdir

Shah, and (the translation) was printed in Lahor city in 1352

(A.D. 1933) with Nâdir Shah’s command. It is written in its

hundred and eightieth page: “Abû Ubayda bin Jerrah, the

commander-in-chief of the Islamic army that routed the great

armies of the Byzantine Greek Kaiser Heraclius,
[1] when he

conquered a city, would have someone shout out the Khalîfa

’Umar’s commands to the Byzantine people. When he

conquered the Humus city in Syria, he said, ‘O thou Byzantine

people! By Allah’s help, obeying the command of our Khalîfa

’Umar, we have taken this city, too. You are all free in your

trade, work, and worship. No one shall touch your property,

lives, or chastity. Islam’s justice shall be practised equally on

you, all your rights shall be observed. We shall protect you, as

we protect Muslims, against the enemy coming from without. In

return for this service of ours, we ask you to pay jizya once a

year, as we receive zakât and ’ushr from Muslims. Allâhu ta’âlâ

commands us to serve you and to take jizya from you’. [The

rate of jizya is forty grams of silver from the poor, eighty grams

from those of moderate means, and hundred and sixty grams

from the rich, or the amount of property or grain equal in value.

Women, children, invalids, the destitute, old people, men of

religious service are not liable to jizya.] The Byzantine Greeks

of Humus delivered their jizya willingly to Habîb bin Muslim, the

superintendent of Bayt-ul-mâl. When the intelligence came that

the Byzantine Greek Emperor Heraclius was recruiting soldiers

throughout his country and making preparations for a huge

crusading campaign against Antioch, it was decided that the

army in Humus must join the forces in Yermuk. Abû Ubayda

‘radiy-Allâhu ’anh’ had his officials announce his following

statements: ‘O thou Christians! I promised to serve you, to

protect you. And in return for this I collected jizya from you. But

now I have been commanded by the Khalîfa to go and help my

brethren that will be performing Holy War against Heraclius. I

will not be able to abide by my promise to you. Therefore, take

your jizya back from the Bayt-ul-mâl, all of you! Your names and

how much you each have given are registered in our book.’ The

same thing happened in most cities of Syria. Upon seeing this

justice, this mercy in Muslims, Christians were delighted for

having been saved from the cruelty and oppression of the

Byzantine emperors that they had been suffering for years.

They wept with joy. Most of them became Muslims willingly.

They volunteered to spy upon Byzantine armies for Muslim

armies. Thus Abû Ubayda was informed daily with all the

[1]
Heraclius died in 20 [A.D. 641].

novements of Heraclius’ armies. In the grand Yermuk

campaign, these Byzantine spies were of much help. The

establishment and spreading of Islamic states was never based

on aggression or killing. The greatest and the most essential

power maintaining and enlivening these states was the power

of îmân, justice, rectitude and self-sacrifice.”]

Russians have been taking one gold yearly for every

individual Muslim, from the smallest children to the oldest

people alike, in Kazan, Uzbekistan, Crimea, Daghistan and

Turkistan, which they have been invading for a hundred years.

With all this and, in addition, various kinds of torments and

oppressions such as compulsory military service, prohibition

from speaking Turkish in schools and coersion to learn Russian,

how many Muslims in Russia have become Christians

throughout all these years? In fact, as a result of the peace

agreement made after the Crimean War, the Christians that had

remained in the Ottoman land were allowed to migrate to

Russia and the Muslims being in Russia could go to the

Ottoman territory. Thus, more than two million Muslims

migrated from Russia to the Ottoman country. On the other

hand, though the Russians offered to pay 20 roubles as the

travelling expense for each Christian to migrate to their side, the

Christians that were used to living in comfort and ease under

the Ottoman government could not be taken in by Russia’s

promise; they did not barter away Islam’s bestowments of rights

and freedom for going there.

The statement,
“Hadrat ’Umar ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anh’ had four

thousand churches demolished,”
is an apparent slander against

all the historical facts. According to Christian historians, when

’Umar ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anh’ conquered Jerusalem, the Christians

suggested that he could choose any of their churches as a

temple for themselves (Muslims). ’Umar refused this offer

vehemently. He performed his first prayer of namâz outside,

instead of in a church. He had the site called Haykal-imuqaddas

[the site of Bayt-i-muqaddas], which had been a

rubbish heap for a long time, cleaned, and had a beautiful

mosque built there.

The course of action that Muslims are obligated to follow in

their dealings with Christians and Jews is prescribed in the

following letter which Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’

himself wrote in a manner to address to all Muslims in general:

“This Letter has been written to inform of the promise

that Muhammad ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’, the son of

Abdullah, has given to all Christians. Janâb-i Haqq has

given the good news that He has sent him as His

compassion; he has warned people of the wrath of Allâhu

ta’âlâ, and He has given him the task of safekeeping the

deposit entrusted to mankind. This Muhammad ‘sall-Allâhu

’alaihi wa sallam’ has had this letter recorded in order to

document the promise he has given to all non-Muslims. If

anyone acts contrary to this promise, whether he be a

sultan or else, he will have rebelled against Janâb-i-Haqq

and made fun of His religion, and will therefore deserve His

condemnation. If a Christian priest or tourist is fasting with

the intention of worship in a mountain, in a valley, in a

desert, in a verdure, in a low place or in the sand. I, on

behalf of myself, my friends and acquaintances and all my

nation, have revoked all sorts of obligation from them.

They are under my protection. I have forgiven them all

sorts of taxes they have had to pay as a requirement of the

agreements we made with other Christians. They may not

pay jizya or kharadj, or they may give as much as they

wish. Do not force or oppress them. Do not depose their

religious leaders. Do not evict them from their temples. Do

not prevent them from travelling. Do not demolish any part

of their monasteries or churches. Do not confiscate things

from their churches or use them in Muslims’ mosques.

Whoever does not obey this will have rebelled against the

command of Allah and His Messenger and will therefore be

sinful. Do not take such taxes as jizya and gharâmat from

those people who do not do trade but are always busy over

worshipping, no matter where they are. I will preserve their

debts on sea or land, in the east or in the west. They are

under my protection. I have given them immunity. Do not

take kharadj or ’ushr [tithe] for the crops of those who live

in mountains and are busy with worships. Do not allot a

share for the Bayt-ul-mâl [the State Treasury] out of their

crops. For, their agriculture is intended merely for

subsistence, not for making profit. When you need men for

Jihâd (Holy War), do not resort to them. If it is necessary to

take jizya [income tax] (from them), do not take more than

twelve dirhams yearly, however rich they may be and

however much property they may have. They are not to be

taxed with troubles or burdens. If there should be an

argument with them, they shall be treated only with pity,

kindness, and compassion. Always protect them under

your wings of mercy and compassion. Wherever they are,

do not maltreat Christian women married to Muslim men.

Do not prevent them from going to their church and doing

the worships prescribed by their religion. Whoever

disobeys or acts contrary to this commandment of Allâhu

ta’âlâ will have revolted against the commands of Janâb-i-

Haqq and His Prophet ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’. They

shall be helped to repair their churches. This agreement

shall be valid and shall remain unchanged till the end of the

world and no one shall be allowed to act contrary to it.”

This agreement was written down by Alî ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anh’ in

the Masjîd-i-sa’âdat in Medina on the third day of the month of

Muharram in the second year of the Hijra. The signatures

appended are:

Muhammad bin Abdullah Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa

sallam’.

Abû Bakr bin Ebî-Kuhâfa

’Umar bin Hattâb

’Uthmân bin Affân

Alî bin Ebî Tâlib

Abû Hurayra

Abdullah bin Mes’ûd

Abbâs bin ’Abd-al-muttalib

Fadl bin Abbâs

Zubayr bin Awwâm

Talha bin Abdullah

Sa’d bin Mu’âz

Sa’d bin Ubâda

Thâbit bin Qays

Zayd bin Thâbit

Hâris bin Thâbit

Abdullah bin ’Umar

Ammar bin Yâsir

‘radiy-Allâhu ’anhum ajma’în’.

[As is seen, our exalted Prophet ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa

sallam’ commands that people of other religions should be

treated with utmost mercy and kindness and Christians’

churches should not be harmed or demolished.]

Now we are writing the
immunity granted by ’Umar ‘radiy-

Allâhu ’anh’ to the people of Jerusalem.

“This letter is the letter of immunity given by Abdullah ’Umar

‘radiy-Allâhu ’anh’, the Emîr of Muslims, to the inhabitants of

Jerusalem and has been written so as to comprehend their

existence, their lives, churches, children, the invalid ones as

well as the healthy ones, and all other peoples; as follows:

“Muslims shall not intrude into their churches, burn or

destroy their churches, demolish any part of their churches,

appropriate even a tiniest piece of their property, or use any sort

of enforcement to make them change their religion or modes of

worship or convert to Islam. No Muslim shall give them the

smallest harm. If they want to leave their hometown by their

own accord, their lives, property and chastity shall be protected

till they have reached their destination. If they want to stay here

they shall be in total security. Only they shall pay the jizya

[income tax] which is incumbent upon the inhabitants of

Jerusalem. If some of the people of Jerusalem and Byzantines

want to leave here together with their families and portable

property and evacuate their churches and other places of

worship, their lives, churches, travel expenses and possessions

shall be protected till they reach their destination. The aliens

shall not be taxed at all till harvest, no matter whether they stay

here or go away.

The commands of Allâhu ’azîmush-shân and Rasûlullah

‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’ and the promises given by all

Islamic Khalîfas and all Muslims are as is written in this letter.”

Signatures:

Muslims’ Khalîfa ’Umar bin Hattâb

Witnesses:

Khâlid bin Welîd

’Abd ar-Rahmân bin Awf

’Amr ibn il-’Âs

Muâwiya bin Ebî Sufyân:

’Umar ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anh’ attended the siege of Jerusalem

with his blessed presence. Christians accepted to pay the jizya

and went under the protection of Muslims. [They handed the

keys of Jerusalem to ’Umar ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anh’ himself.] Thus

they were free from the heavy taxations, persecutions,

torments, oppressions and cruelties of their own state,

Byzantium. Soon they saw the justice and mercy in Muslims,

whom they were looking on as their enemies. They realized that

Islam was a religion commanding goodness and beauty and

guiding people to happiness pertaining to this world and the

next. Without the least compulsion or threatening, they

accepted Islam in large groups which were mostly the size of a

quarter of a town. You can now estimate the multitude of people

who became Muslims in all other places.

In ten years’ time Islam spread far and wide and the number

of Muslims reached millions; this was never done by force or

with the threat of sword. On the contrary, it is based on such

facts as Islam’s inherent characteristics of justice and respect

for human rights, the revelation of Qur’ân al-kerîm as the

greatest miracle of Allâhu ta’âlâ, with its superiority to the other

heavenly books.

It is written in the sixty-seventh page of the third volume of

Tabarî’s
[1] history, “During the caliphate of ’Umar ‘radiy-Allâhu

’anh’ Musannâ bin Hârisa ‘radiy-Allâhu ’anh’, one of the As-hâbi-

kirâm, was sent onto Iran as the commander-in-chief of an

Islamic army. When he came to the place called Buwayd where

he was to fight against the Iranian army, the Muslim army was

small in number and weak in weaponry. For, many Muslim

soldiers had been martyred in the previous wars. The Iranian

army was numerous and had elephants with them. Musannâ

‘radiy-Allâhu ’anh’ went to the Christians living in the

neighborhood and asked for help. They accepted to help

willingly. In fact, one of them, a youngster named Hâmûs, said,

‘Show me the commander of the Iranian army.’ When they

showed him Mihrân the Iranian commander, he attacked him

and shot an arrow at him. The arrow went into Mihrân’s

abdomen and jutted out of his back and he fell dead. The

Iranian army scattered.” As is seen in this example, because

Christians living in that period were never treated with hostility

or coercion by Muslims, they never hated Muslims. Let alone

hate, they were pleased with Muslims. They helped Muslims

without a monthly salary or any sort of allotted payment, and

even sacrificed their lives in doing so. More often than not

Christians joined Muslims in their wars against other Christians,

their co-religionists. This type of event took place in many wars

between the Ottoman Empire and the Byzantium Empire. Those

who study history know this fact well.

Another claim put forward by Protestants in order to prove

that Christianity is superior to Islam is as follows:
“When

[1]
Muhammad Tabarî passed away in Baghdad in 310 [A.D. 923].

Christanity arose, Jewry took the field against it and persecuted

those who accepted the religion of Îsâ ‘alaihis-salâm.’ For this

reason, terrible calamities fell upon Jewry. They were despised,

abased, and deprived of the gratification of making up a nation.

Christians who attacked Muslims after the arising of Islam did

not undergo such great disasters.”

This assertion of theirs is thoroughly contrary to facts. It was

not only after the rising of Christianity that disasters fell upon

Jewry. As it is written in Ahd-i-Atîk (the Old Testament), and in

history books, various calamities fell upon Jewry daily before

the prophethood of Îsâ ‘alaihis-salâm,’ too. From the time of

Yûsuf ‘alaihis-salâm’ up to the time of Mûsâ ‘alaihis-salâm,’ they

remained captives of the Egyptian pagan gypsies, who inflicted

all sorts of insults on them till Mûsâ ‘alaihis-salâm’ rescued

them from the oppressions of gypsies. In the times of Dâwud

and Suleimân ‘alaihimus-salâm’ they underwent various kinds

of nuisance and chaos, which once again scattered them and

caused them many an affliction. For example, Nabukodonosor

II, an Assyrian ruler, captured Qudus-i-sherîf (Jerusalem). He

perpetrated a great genocide there. He massacred thousands

of Jews. He captivated the surviving Jews and some of the

Prophets appointed to the Sons of Israel and took them to

Babylon. In fact, during those tumults all the copies of the

Taurah were torn to pieces and not even one copy was left.

Everyone knows about the sorts of distresses that Jewry

suffered in the hands of Assyrians and the multitude of Jews

slaughtered during Maccabee revolts. [(Judas) Maccabeus is

the name of the Jewish military leader who revolted against the

paganizing policy of Antiochus IV ‘Epiphanes’, the Seleucid

king. He defeated Antiochus’ army and captured Jerusalem, but

later lost it again. He obtained, however, religious freedom for

Jewry. Numbers of Jews were put to the sword during these

wars.] Eventually, seventy years before Christ, the well-known

Roman general Pompey captured Palestine and took it under

his control. All these disasters that fell upon Jewry were

because they denied Prophets and murdered most of them. It is

written clearly in history books that these disasters preceded

the prophethood of Îsâ ‘alaihis-salâm.’

When the Roman Emperor Titus entered Jerusalem seventy

years after the ascent of Îsâ ‘alaihis-salâm’ to heaven, he

burned Jerusalem and massacred all the Jews; those who want

to know its reasons should have recourse to history books. The

disgraceful and miserable situations that they fell into after Îsâ

‘alaihis-salâm’ were only local, not universal. The rulers of some

fortresses such as Khayber, which were situated between

Medîna-i-munawwara and Damascus, were Jews, e.g. Qa’b bin

Eshref, Merhab, and Ismâ’îl [Samuel], in the time of our Prophet

‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’. When they acted with hostility and

treachery towards our Master Rasûlullah, the last and the

highest Prophet, the wrath of Allâhu ta’âlâ fell upon them. The

sixty-first âyat of the sûra of Baqara purports,
“They have been

given humility and poverty.”
As is declared in this âyat-ikerîma,

they were scattered completely. They could never

establish a formal state.

When Allâhu ta’âlâ sends a new religion, are the believers of

wrong religions to be sent some great disasters? If it were the

case, within the several thousand years during which the Sons

of Israel lived up to the religion of Mûsâ ‘alaihis-salâm,’ magians

who were much weaker but more numerous, should have been

destroyed with successive disasters. However, the peoples of

China, India, Turkistan and America continue to be as they

have been. [Contrary to Protestants’ assertions, they have not

been sent any kind of catastrophe.]

Another proof Protestants put forth to prove the rectitude of

Christianity is that
‘the number of Christians is greater.’ This

statement is not much of a proof, either. Although the statistical

data published in Europe indicate that the Christian population

is larger, these data are inconsistent. The statistics concerning

the number of Christians differ by millions. For, at that time no

research was done as to what religions the people living in

various parts of Asia and Africa belonged to. The so-called

statisticians registered the populations of these places by

guesswork, which was merely based on a dimensional

comparison of those places. In fact, it is written in a geography

book translated by Sayyid Rufâa of Egypt and printed in Egypt

that the estimated population living on earth are nine hundred

million; half of this number are magians, of which fifty per cent

are pagans; the remaining half are Muslims, Christians and

Jews, each making up one-third of the whole half. This

calculation is merely a guesswork and cannot be admitted as a

proof. Besides, even if we were to take for granted that

Christians formed the majority, this would not show that

Christianity were the true religion. For, if quantitative advantage

were to be admitted as a testament to the trueness of a religion,

magi and idolatry would necessarily be true religions. Magians

and pagans outnumber the Christians on the earth today.

Within a period of three hundred years after the ascent of Îsâ

‘alaihis-salâm’ to heaven, Jews massacred Nazarenes a

number of times. They burned or tore to pieces the books and

pamphlets Nazarenes held sacred. They persecuted the

Nazarenes under their domination, increasing their insults every

day. According to the proof put forward by Christians, —which

they have based on the assumption that the number of

Christians is larger—, Christianity must be wrong and idolatry

true.

Another proof that Protestants put forth in their claim that

Christianity is superior to Islam is that
“Christians are more

advanced in science and technology.”

This question should be studied cautiously, too. The

scientific, technological and industrial improvements in Europe

began only three hundred years ago. Until 900 [A.D. 1494],

Europeans led a life of savagery, ignorance and squalor; this is

an obvious fact known publicly. While Europeans were in this

state, Muslims living in Asia, Iraq, Hedjaz, Egypt and Andalusia

[Spain] at that time had reached the zenith of the time’s

technology and industries. In fact, the bases for the laws valid in

today’s Europe are books that were written by Islamic scholars

and were found in libraries in Spain and Egypt. It is written in

history books that even Sylvestre II, who was the Pope of his

time, acquired knowledge from Muslim professors. Roman

numerals, which Europeans had been using, were not

convenient for mathematical computations which were the

bases for all sciences. When they saw that such processes

were easily done with Arabic numerals during their education in

Muslim schools, they began to use these numerals. This was

one of the reasons for their scientific progress. When all these

facts are known, it will be seen what effects they have had on

religious and scientific improvements; and this, in its turn, will

prove to the advantage of Muslims, not Christians. For, none of

the existing four Gospels contains such media of civilization as

international law, art, trade, or agriculture. On the contrary,

these things are prohibited vehemently. Islam, by contrast,

commands knowledge, art, trade, agriculture, and justice.

Because all Islamic states are administered with these essential

principles, Islamic countries have always been the only civilized

and the most prosperous countries in the world. [Aspiring to

attain the riches in Islamic countries, Christians organized the

crusading expeditions that came one after another like waves.

The real purpose of crusades was to plunder Islamic countries

of their riches, in addition to spreading Christianity.] In our

century, however. Muslims and Christians are in a state counter

to the commandments of their religions. Its reason, when

searched for, will be found in the fact that neither Muslims nor

Christians are good at doing the commandments of their

religions. That is, the reason is not fulfilling religious

requirements. In fact, a European philosopher states as follows

in one of the booklets he has published:
“The fact that Islamic

religion is the true religion and Christianity is not, is proved by

their worldly effects. As Muslims slackened in doing their

religious duties, that is, in obeying Islam, they weakened and

remained behind in knowledge and science. As for Christians;

the more they deserted their religion and the farther away they

got from it, the stronger they became and the more progress

they made in knowledge and science. The direction followed by

Christian states lately is quite the opposite of the direction

shown by their holy book, the Bible.”

Another Protestant assertion forwarded in order to prove the

trueness of Christianity is that
“There are not any pagans in

Europe, but there are Jews and Christians in countries under

Islamic domination.”
They interpret this state as an outcome of

the influential power in Christianity. This assertion of theirs

prove the stupendous degree of justice in Islam, rather than

proving the trueness of Christianity. For, a person, of whatever

religion, had the same rights throughout Islamic countries and

was equal with a Muslim according to (Islamic) laws. Non-

Muslims were quite comfortable under the protection of the

Islamic state. They were not meddled with in their religious

matters or prevented from doing their worships. They could

freely busy with whatever art or trade they liked. On the other

hand, in many European countries, none of the Christian

sectarians had security of life, property or residence in an

environment under the control of any other sectarian group, be

it a Protestant group. Armenians and Byzantine Greeks lived in

all parts of Islamic countries, but they did not settle in any

European country. In places where Byzantine Greeks live, e.g.

Greece and Mediterranean islands, there are no more than a

couple of Armenian, Catholic or Protestant families. [Byzantine

Greeks are Orthodox.] In such countries as France, Italy, and

Spain, which are Catholic, it is impossible for Protestant priests

to build schools, churches or monasteries, or to publish a book

against Catholicism, which is the accepted sect in these

countries. So is the case with Catholic priests in places with

Protestant and Byzantine Greek inhabitants. In no Islamic

country has there been an event like the massacre of St.

Bartholomew or the cruelties of inquisition. [The massacre of St.

Bartholomew is the carnage of sixty thousand Protestants living

in Paris and in its neighborhood, on account of their creed, with

the orders of King Charles IX and Queen Catherina on the

twenty-fourth day of August, which was St. Bartholomew’s Day,

in 980 (A.D. 1572).] Nor has history recorded such a bloody and

horrible event as the crusading expeditions on the part of any

Islamic nation. In each crusading expedition, hundreds of

thousands of innocent people were slaughtered in such wild

manners as cannot be conceived or imagined; among those

people were Muslims, Protestants, Jews, and even relations of

the Catholic murderers, who killed them because of some

passed enmity. During the crusades, which continued for some

two hundred and fifty years, Europe went to rack and ruin. It is

impossible to detail the savageries and inquisitions which the

bigoted crusaders dared to do in the name of Îsâ ‘alaihis-salâm’,

who had given the advice, “If you get slapped on one cheek,

offer your other cheek, too,” and in the very country where he

had lived. It is written in history books how millions of

Europeans and Asians were slain unjustly and how so many

countries were barbarously devastated throughout the

continuance of the crusades. Everybody knows about the

distresses still suffered by the helpless Jews in Walacia,

Moldavia and Odyssey and the persecutions, oppressions and

torments Muslims living in countries under the domination of

British and Russian Christians are being subjected to.

Now, turn your attention to those Christians living in comfort,

welfare, luxury, freedom and peace in Islamic countries, and

then decide for Allah’s sake whether it is Christianity or Islam

that will justfully observe the rights and peace of those under its

protection and will render service to humanity and civilization.

Another deed causing consternation and derision is their

attempt to prove Christian superiority over Islam by indicating

the fact that
“Europe is more advanced in knowledge, industry,

wealth, prosperity, and in the multitude of its public institutions

such as schools and hospitals.”
Until the Middle Ages, Europe

had full adherence to Christianity and obeyed the existing

Gospels; therefore they were in a miserable and abject state.

There existed none of the signs of civilization such as scientific

and industrial progress, building hospitals and schools, which

they point out as proofs; and the relics of Roman civilization had

already perished. Europeans, acting upon the Gospels,

especially the twelfth chapter of the Gospel of Luke, disignored

art, trade and agriculture, ate whatever they happened to find

and sat wherever they came upon, like birds in the sky; so the

European continent was thoroughly in darkness, ignorance,

savagery, and bigotry. They were totally unaware of such things

as hospitals, schools and charitable institutions. Qur’ân alkerîm,

by comparison, puts due emphasis on worldly affairs,

orders knowledge, art, trade and agriculture, and warns against

dangers. The ninth âyat of Zumer sûra purports:
“Can the

cognizant and the incognizant ever be the same? Certainly

the cognizant is more valuable.”
The twenty-ninth âyat of

Nisâ sûra purports:
“O thou who have îmân; do not take

each other’s property illegally. That is, do not take away

things from each other by such means as usury, gambling,

theft and usurpation, which are prohibited by Islam. This

exchange of things must be done only by both sides’

consent, i.e. trade.”
The meaning of the two hundred and

seventy-fifth âyat of Baqara sûra is:
“Allâhu ta’âlâ has made

buying and selling halâl and interest harâm.”
The thirty-sixth

âyat of Nisâ sûra purports:
“Worship Allâhu ta’âlâ. Do not

attribute any partner to Him. Do favours to your parents
[by

words and actions],
to your relations [by visiting them], to

orphans
[by pleasing them somehow], to the poor [by alms],

to your relations who are your neighbors at the same time

[by mercy and compassion],
to your next-door neighbors [by

goodness and by protecting them against harm],
to your

friends and acquaintances
[by observing their rights and

being friendly],
to your visitors or guests [by offering them

food and drink],
to your slaves and servants [by buying them

new clothes and being kind to them].” Through many such âyati-

kerîmas and hadîth-i-sherîfs, Allâhu ta’âlâ and Rasûlullah ‘sall-

Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’, command knowledge, art, and trade.

In addition, they command to do kindness to parents, to

relations, to orphans, to the weak, to the destitute, to neighbors,

to travellers, and to servants, to observe their rights, and not to

disobey laws. While the grandfathers of today’s Europeans

were unaware of all these media of civilization, there were wellarranged

schools, madrasas, charitable homes for the poor and

the destitute, cook-houses, inns, public baths and many other

charitable institutions all over Islamic countries. In addition,

Muslims had established private aid organizations, pious

foundations
(waqf) for the maintenance and financing of these

charitable institutions. [There were even pious foundations for

the indemnity of losses caused by slaves and servants and for

the purging of things that would cause disease.] Art was very

popular all over Islamic countries. Europeans did not know what

an alarm clock was, when Muslims’ Khalîfa Hârûn-un-Rashîd

presented an alarm clock to the French King Charlemagne.

Pope Sylvestre
[1] received education in the Andalusion Islamic

schools. Chanso, the Spanish king, had recourse to Muslim

doctors for the disease he had caught, dropsy, [which

Europeans could not cure in those days], and soon recovered.

Various âyat-i-kerîmas of Qur’ân al-kerîm repeatedly refer to

helping the poor, the destitute, and travellers. Therefore, it has

become an important traditional duty among Muslims to help

the poor, the weak, and travellers. Even in a small Muslim

village of a few families, no visitor [even if he is a non-Muslim]

has been left to himself. In fact, in places under Islamic

domination the same custom settled among the non-Muslims

owing to their living with Muslims. In Europe, on the other hand,

quite a number of people are still dying of hunger despite the

whole multitude of wealthy people, hospitals, and charitable

homes for the poor. Three to four hundred thousand poor

people living in England, and about the same number in

Germany, being tired of the trouble they have had finding food,

have migrated to America, India, and other countries.

[According to a news article that appeared in the (Turkish)

newspaper called Türkiye on 3 February 1988, it is informed by

the French newspaper
Figaro that 2.5 million people in France

live in full destitution, and 1.5 million of this number sleep in the

streets without any known addresses. According to the same

newspaper, there are ten million old people over the age of

sixty in France. Two and a half million of these people do not

have a known home. They end up in misery and loneliness. Of

these old people, 7 % of women and 14 % of men commit

suicide. The number of suicides is five hundred thousand.

Joseph Wresinsky, a priest and the president of ATD, an

institution established to help such wretched and lonely people

in France, says, “There are 2.5 million people too poor to meet

their immeditate needs in France today. There is no source to

help them. Europe, whose daily topic of conversation is the

human rights, should look for solutions not only for economical

and military problems but also for misery, which will escalate to

[1]
Sylvestre died in 1003 [A.D. 1594].

huge numbers in a few years’ time. A nation-wide activity is

incumbent to rescue French people from this misery.” Even a

priest avows these facts.] If knowledge, technology and

civilization are to prove the trueness of a religion, they should

be strong documents for Islam, rather than for Christianity. [For,

Muslims made progress when they acted upon Islam, and they

made no progress and even dispersed when they slackened in

this obedience and began to imitate Christians.]

Nor can a nation’s wealth be an evidence strong enough to

prove the trueness of the religion its people believe in. As a

matter of fact, Rotschild, once the richest person in the world, is

one of the Jews who Protestants claim have undergone various

calamities because of not believing in Christianity. Lord Isrâilî,

an English deputy, is both a Jew and one of the richest people

on the earth. It can be predicted by now that the European gold

markets will be obtained by Jews. In accordance with the

Christian argument, the Jewish religion is superior to the

Christian religion. And this in turn shows that all those poor

Christians who live in various parts of Europe and all over

Russia and who are unaware of art, trade and wealth have

been holding a wrong belief. According to the so-called claim of

Christians, the correctness of any religion must be dependent

on the wealth and fortune of its believers, which will not support

the Christians’ objection to Islam, [on the contrary, it will rebut

it].

European schools are of two types:

The first type of schools are under ecclesiastical control, and

the second type are controlled by the public, i.e. by

governments. In schools under clerical authority, only tenets of

Christian creed are taught. Therefore national assemblies are

discussing the matter of releasing these schools from the

disposal of priests. It is believed that in the near future the

training of Christian children will be transferred from clerical

administration to public and governmental administration. None

of the schools administered and controlled by the public, by

governments in Europe, teach religious knowledge; science and

mathematics are taught in these schools. For this reason, the

majority of young European graduates of these schools are

against Christianity. The number of these graduates increases

every day, and they establish societies and publish newspapers

and periodicals in which to declare to the whole world that

Christianity is aberration. It is doubtless that one day these

schools, which the so-called priest points out as an evidence in

his endeavour to prove the correctness of Christianity, will

cause Christianity to collapse.

There have been some Muslim states that have collapsed

and even ceased to exist because of the absence of an

administration that would treat knowledge more seriously and

hold it higher than anything else. Furthermore, the innumerous

schools and madrasas and their subservient pious foundations

and kitchens that exist in Islamic countries today must be

observed with common sense. When the deeds of trust of the

pious foundations of only the madrasas in Istanbul are studied,

it will be seen that these pious foundations (waqfs) undertook

the salaries of the professors (muderris), the doorkeepers and

other personnel of each madrasa, the pay of the students and

even the carpets they sat on when studying. I wonder if there is

so much motivation, so much facility in any European school? If

it should be questioned why today’s schools and madrasas do

not have their original brilliance and order, there cannot be

found anything that has to do with religion among its causes.

We see, with regret, that these pious foundations which had

been established for goodness and charity, have been deprived

of worthy administration since they fell into the hands of

incompetent, hypocritical and religiously ignorant people.

Nevertheless, the students educated in the madrasas not only

study science and mathematics like European students, but

they also study such religious sciences as ’ilm-i-kelâm, ’ilm-ifiqh,

and ’ilm-i-tafsîr. Therefore, there are not any enemies of

religion among these students like in Europe. For, inprovement

in science will add clarity to the realization of the trueness of

religious commandments. That is, the more scientific knowledge

a person learns, the more powerful will his faith in Islam

become. In Christianity the case is quite the opposite. A person

cannot be a full Christian unless he is so asinine and so

ignorant as to take for granted the doctrine of trinity, which

means, “Three make one, and one is three,” and which is the

basis of the Christian faith.

As for the Protestant priest’s question,
“While Christians

send forth missionaries and various books in order to spread

Christianity everywhere, why don’t Muslims endeavour to call

pagans and Christians to Islam? Why don’t they send forth

translations of Qur’ân al-kerîm or scholars to various places in

order to call to Islam?”,
fulfilment of this very important religious

service is Muslims’ duty, as we have said above. In the time of

Rasûlullah ‘sall-Allâhu ’alaihi wa sallam’, much emphasis was

placed on this duty, and this state went on for years. Islam’s

spreading over nearly half of the earth was due to the emphasis

it has placed on justice, beautiful morality, knowledge, and

science. Later, as deviated holders of bid’a came to the fore,

the duty of emr-i-ma’rûf, that is, recommending goodness,

which is Islam’s most important command, loosened. There was

not any effort to spread Islam over the world. The duty of calling

people to Islam was neglected with such considerations as

“Islam has already spread over many countries throughout all

these years. From now on, let those who have reason and

discernment find the way to happiness and salvation

themselves. Islam is as obvious as the sun.”
These

considerations were supported with the untenable reasoning

that
“If a jeweller has a genuine brillant diamond, he need not

take it from one shop to another in order to find a customer. But

if the ware is a false one, he will have to go from door to door

and tell such lies as will deceive the ignorant, such as. ‘Buy this

very precious ware. It is hard to come by,’ in order to get rid of

it.”
They should be reminded that, though it is unnecessary to

look for a customer for the diamond, it is certainly a must to

offer it to the customer, to advertise it. When the customer

knows about the diamond, he will certainly want to buy it. A

diamond which is not shown or advertised will not get a

customer.

Our final words to the Protestant priest are as follows: The

books of a religion or sect must be studied well. No religion or

sect can be criticized by sheer obduracy or only with ideas that

one assumes to be true within the purview of one’s restricted

knowledge. Islamic religion has a special branch of knowledge

called
’Ilm-i-kelâm, which teaches the principles of îmân,

protects them (against interpolation, etc.), and removes doubts

(by powerful argumentation). In the centuries when Islam was

flourishing and spreading far and wide, there were profound

scholars in the knowledge of Kelâm. These scholars wrote a

great number of valuable books in order to counteract the

refutations directed towards the Islamic religion and to eliminate

the doubts aroused by such attacks. They sent forth their books

to all countries. They proved the trueness, the genuineness of

Islam by using mental evidences alongside traditional

evidences such as âyat-i-kerîmas, hadîth-i-sherîfs, and the

documentary statements of religious authorities. They answered

not only Jews and Christians, but also imitators of Greek

philosophy and those deviated parvenus who fabricated false

religious principles and practices called bid’a in the name of

religion. For, according to the Islamic religion, Allâhu ta’âlâ does

not command His born slaves anything against common sense.

[But comprehending the hidden divine causes and uses in the

commandments of Allâhu ta’âlâ requires common sense (’aql-iselîm).

Statements that some ignorant idiots passing for sages,

philosophers or scientists make out of their sensuous desires or

emotions, have nothing to do with true knowledge or science.

People of common sense will take no heed of their corrupt

words and writings. Thus they will have no effect other than

misleading a few idiots like themselves. Islam contains many

facts beyond the capacity of mind, but nothing contrary to mind.

Grades of mind and its interpretation are given in the Arabic

book
Tarîq-un-nejât and in Turkish Se’âdet-i Ebediyye.][1]

Giving reasonable information about Islamic religion requires a

minute study and an accurate comprehension of renowned

books of ’ilm-i-kelâm, such as
Maktûbât, by hadrat Imâm-i-

Rabbânî, and
Sherh-i-mawâqif and Sherh-i-maqâsid. Such

statements as “Paul said so,” “Such and such Gospel writes

so,” “This matter is a divine mystery and should be believed as

such,” which Christians utter instead of giving convincing

proofs, will testify no matter. With such statements it will be

difficult to explain the truths in Islamic knowledge, even to those

Christians wise enough, let alone to us. We shall explicate this later on."





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